In the Foundation Stage, children begin with pre-reading activities to prepare them for phonics work. Phonics is taught as the first method of learning to read. Early on, the children are taught the sound that each letter makes, then letter combinations. Daily speaking and listening activities aim to reinforce this learning.
In Reception, Year 1 and Year 2 discrete phonics sessions are taught daily (20 minute session) The children are taught a new phoneme/grapheme or a new skill - this is taught in a fun multisensory way and may well involve: songs, actions, pictures, puppets and IT. The Letters and Sounds phonic programme is used to deliver daily sessions and the 'Read Write Inc' programme is used to support groups where appropriate.
Reading books from the Oxford Reading Tree Reading Scheme are sent home from Reception class onwards to enable the children to engage with 1:1 reading at home each evening. In school, the children read in small Guided Reading groups with the teacher. The teacher provides support and opportunities for the children to apply the new skills they have been taught. Pupils are encouraged to use more than one strategy when attempting unfamiliar words. They are also encouraged to discuss meaning and give their opinions about the text. The ultimate goal is independent reading.
During KS1 and 2, pupils’ interest and pleasure in reading is developed. They are encouraged to read for meaning and begin to self correct. As pupils progress through ks2, there is a greater emphasis on oral fluency, reading a range of genres and responding to a range of comprehension questions confidently.